Recently, I gave a talk — in a building that was once a church, believe it or not — on what I call the “seven deadly sins of wealth management.” I’d like to share a brief overview of those remarks and invite you to reflect on your own journey as a saver and investor.

Not to be weighty, but these are not trivial matters. These are “deadly” sins for a reason … any one of them can seriously jeopardize your chances of attaining the objectives that align with the hopes, dreams and expectations specific to you.

Sin #1: Not starting with purpose.

This problem plagues many investors and wealth managers alike. If you prioritize money before meaning, how can you possibly succeed? You haven’t even identified what success means.

At the core of every significant endeavor lies a purpose, a deep-seated driver that shapes our actions and decisions. Psychological and social sciences offer a wealth of understanding about human motivation, emphasizing the power of emotions in driving our choices. Each person harbors one of four “power emotions” — happiness, contentment, success or fulfillment — that should ideally dictate how they manage their wealth.

A good way to “start with purpose” is to identify that power emotion, then include it in a personal statement of financial purpose. Here’s an example for a person — who happens to be me — with a power emotion of happiness:

“I am happiest when spending time and money with my family, engaging in experiences related to wine, water and music.”

This statement does more than outline a lifestyle; it sets a clear direction for financial planning and goal setting. It’s not merely about accumulating wealth but about using that wealth to enrich one’s life and the lives of those they care about. As a goal, it carries emotion in a way “retire at 65” never can.

Crafting a statement of financial purpose is usually a discovery process, not just an articulation of something already known. Take your time with this. This — not money — is the true foundation of long-term success.

Sin #2: Starting for your destination without guidance.

You’ve created a compelling destination, articulated in your statement of financial purpose. Now you need a plan for how to get there. Otherwise, you’re just daydreaming. A plan has to be more than a map. Static information isn’t enough. You need active guidance that stays true to your purpose.

Imagine you’re sitting with a close friend and confidant and find yourself sharing your statement of financial purpose: “You know, what I’m really all about is spending time with my family around certain types of experiences, including music.”

Wouldn’t you want your friend to call you out on that? “OK, I hear you, but is that really what you’re doing? Because you just told me you had a chance to take your adult daughter to see Taylor Swift in New York and turned it down.”

That’s a good friend right there, pointing to something humans do all the time. We get clear about our purpose, then we let life and business get in the way, and we do nothing about it. This is where the best financial advisers excel. They understand who you are. They know your destination. They provide you guidance along the way.

(By the way — I did take my 24-year-old daughter to see Swift at MetLife Stadium. It cost a ridiculous amount of money. If I hadn’t been clear about my own statement of financial purpose, I wouldn’t have done it, and that would have been a shame.)

Sin #3: Not making cash the king.

What you do with your cash is one of two focal points of leading your best life. Ask yourself, “Am I spending my money consistent with my purpose?” (The other focal point is time: “Am I spending my time consistent with my purpose?”)

These focal points are central to a financial plan. A good plan guides your spending — both on what and when.

Then what you need is alignment. According to a 75-year Harvard study, people — across the generations — are happiest when they’re spending their precious time and money on things that matter to them. Imagine you’ve hired a biographer to chronicle your life. The biographer accesses your credit card statement and your calendar. Would the story the biographer writes based on those sources be consistent with your purpose?

To stay true to a purpose, you need to hold yourself accountable to alignment. Of course, that’s easier said than done.

Sin #4: Letting dollars be lazy.

The positive corollary of this sin is the well-known budgeting phrase “every dollar needs a job.” Your financial plan should outline who, what and when money is for.

When you do this work, you may discover that:

  • You’re not yet saving enough. This is a top concern for most clients. “Am I saving enough to retire comfortably?” Saving and investing does require delayed gratification.
  • You’re not dreaming big enough. This may be surprisingly uncomfortable. Many people underspend what their financial plan accommodates. This may be because people experience losses with twice the intensity as they experience gains. It may also be because they’ve made delayed gratification a habit … which then morphs into a belief that delayed gratification is what good, smart people do.

Either way, don’t let either fear or shame make decisions for you. When you start with purpose, and when you establish a clear plan for spending and give every dollar a job, you can rest easier knowing you’re on a path for living the best life you can.

Sin #5: Assuming investments are an end rather than a means.

Investing is not a sport. It’s not something to do for its own sake. It’s something to do to help fulfill your financial purpose.

For that reason — and not because of anything the financial media or investment industry says — investing is critically important. Solid investment performance means you can fulfill your objectives more fully, whatever they are. That’s just true.

So, always think about investing in the context of your own purpose. You’re not investing to compete or compare. You’re investing to help accomplish what you want to.

Think about what this means for investment risk and return. Ask yourself, “How much risk am I willing to take to dream as big as I want to dream?” Maybe you’ll discover you can fulfill your dreams while taking less risk than you are currently. In that case, it’s our responsibility as advisers to help you do that. Or maybe you’ll find you want to take a little more risk to dream a little bigger. That, too, informs our actions as advisers.

Investing isn’t about comparing a line on a piece of paper with another line on the paper; that would be an end in itself. Rather, investing is a means to achieve something far more personal and real.

Sin #6: Walking up — and especially down — the mountain without a sherpa.

If you’ve read the book Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer, you may recall that four times more people die coming down Mount Everest as going up. There are several reasons for this, including altitude sickness and fatigue, but the most important difference is loss of options. On the way up, you can turn around, climb faster, rest longer and otherwise adapt to the situation. But when you reach the summit, you have to come down — because if you stay overnight, your chances of dying are very high.

As Krakauer relates, the death rate for Mount Everest climbs has come way down, from about 25% to 4% of climbers. That’s because of sherpas, professional climbers who have seen many people go up and down and know all the mistakes. Especially when the unexpected occurs, you want the wisdom of a sherpa to get you down off the mountain.

Here’s how that relates to investing. In the accumulation phase, you can make plenty of mistakes. Maybe you got a little greedy and invested at a higher risk tolerance than you actually have. Maybe you got a little fearful and failed to take action when you should have. You can adjust. You have time.

But in the liquidation (decumulation) phase, you have less room for error. You’re later in life, obviously. Plus, your non-investment income may be substantially lower. Time to avoid mistakes.

Sin #7: Buying into the dream but ignoring the process.

If you don’t execute, you haven’t really done anything. Execution is a combination of:

  • Compelling purpose
  • Solid strategy
  • Aligned behaviors
  • Controlled (but understood) emotions
  • And a little luck

In my experience, all of these — even the bit of luck! — benefit from process. The best financial advisers start the process as your biographer, coming to know who you are financially and clarifying your purpose. Then they continue in two ways:

First, as your financial analyst — always ready to help run the numbers, whether that’s about dreaming bigger or catching up.

Second, as your coach — able to look you in the eye and say, “Look at your calendar and your credit card statement. We either need to change your purpose or your behaviors, because you wanted to do something, and your plan would have supported it, but you didn’t choose to proceed.”

To embrace both the dream and process, I encourage you to develop a statement of financial purpose and share it with your financial adviser. That’s the place to start for avoiding the deadly sins and accomplishing your objectives.